They are Cuba and North Korea, which are both under long-term US trade embargoes (Cuba since 1962 and North Korea since 1950).

“The Old Man and the Sea,” and “For Whom the Bell Tolls” were written by the famous writer Ernest Hemingway while he lived in Cuba. Its capital city of Havana has a population of 2.1 million citizens. Ask a parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online. Pope John Paul II visited Cuba in January 1998. In 2018, a new leader took over, Miguel Díaz-Canel. They typically do not write down their recipes. On August 14, 2015, the U.S. Embassy reopened in Havana. 9. Pico Turquino is the highest point (1,974 m (6,476 ft)) in Cuba. The country’s total nominal GDP is $68.7 billion which gives it the 63rd largest economy in the world. Unlike most countries in Latin America, Cuba’s favorite sport is not football – it’s actually baseball! Soon after, Cuba did the same in the United States. 1. OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Cuba The total area of Cuba is 42,426 square miles (109,884 square kilometers) making it the 105th largest country in the world. 16. The island of Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) is the second largest while Jamaica is the third largest island in the Caribbean. Jamaica is 87 miles to the south. CAPITAL: Havana The United States had been hostile toward Cuba since the communists took power in 1959. According to Latin American Post, most workers receive their salary in CUP, while large quantities of commodities are sold in CUC, resulting in a loss for consumers due to high prices.[30,31]. 32. The mixture of native, African and European influences in Cuba gives this island a lively culture that is known worldwide! AREA: 110,860 square kilometres Most died from overwork and from diseases brought by the Europeans. Get messy, explore and appreciate nature, all from the safety of home! [13], 5. We recently traveled to Cuba under the new General License relaxation and couldn’t help but accrue some interesting facts about Cuba. The value of the convertible peso, however, is pegged 1:1 to the United States dollar. Cuba, which was discovered by explorer Christopher Columbus in 1492, was controlled by Spain until 1898.During April-September 1980, approximately 124,000 Cubans migrated to the U.S., as they were freely allowed to do so by Fidel Castro. Cuba is an island nation with miles of beautiful beaches. It is the 17th largest island in the world.[10]. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Cuba’s government is a Marxixt-Leninist single party state that has been headed by a member of the Castro family for many decades. OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Spanish They have two official currencies that are accepted in different areas of the country. It’s time to learn all about this cool Caribbean country in our Cuba facts! 23. Cuba is one of the most interesting countries in the world with decades of history, turmoil, change, and perseverance. There are as many as 4000 other islands in the region, which are much smaller than Cuba.

Since 1965, the country has been governed by the Communist Party of Cuba.[11]. Cuban cigars are known as the finest cigars in the world. The introduction of communism to the country in 1959 has had a big impact on the people – both positive and negative. 27. Hence, it is also referred to in Spanish as “El Crocodilo” or “El Caima.”, 6. Cubans vote for their leaders, but the communist party is the only legal party. 17. American forces helped drive the Spanish out of Cuba in 1898, and by 1902, Cuba had won independence. In Cuba, there is a dual monetary system since two currencies circulate: the CUP (Cuban peso) and the CUC (convertible peso). 2. Check out our list of wild things to do in the UK and Ireland this summer! One of the world’s greatest public health achievements happened in Cuba in 2015 when it eradicated mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis. 2. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Cuba’s history is reflected in its food, language, art, and, most of all, its music. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. 1.

26. ). The currency of Cuba is the Cuban peso or the Cuban convertible peso. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/cuba-facts/, http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/cuban-chrome/10-amazing-facts-about-cuba/, http://www.cnn.com/2014/01/14/world/americas/cuba-fast-facts/, http://mashable.com/2014/04/03/internet-freedom-cuba/. [14], 19. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. [28], 13.

Due to this fact, many Cuban doctors are sent to countries where medical aid is required.[9]. 20.

Most Cubans are paid in both currencies, and can use the Cuban peso for most of their expenses, while the Cuban convertible peso can be used for luxury items. In Cuba and in the Caribbean, the island of Cuba is the second-most populous after Hispaniola. 14. The literacy rate in Cuba is 99.8%, which is one of the highest in the world. Recipes in Cuba are passed down from generation to generation. POPULATION: 11,382,820 These different ecosystems are home to unique plants and animals, some of which aren’t found anywhere else on Earth. Fidel Castro was president, prime minister and commander of the armed forces until February 2008, when his brother, Raúl Castro, took over. OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Cuba FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Socialist republic CAPITAL: Havana POPULATION: 11,382,820 OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Spanish MONEY: Peso In 1511, forces from Spain defeated the Taino and claimed the island as a Spanish territory. The Spanish forced many of the Taino people into slave labour. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Peso (CUC) is its official currency. Sunglasses and sun cream at the ready, gang!

18. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. 3. Havana is its capital and largest city. Today, the country is working to improve its economy and rebound from the Special Period. The main musical form is called son, which combines lively rhythms with classical guitar. Rice, citrus fruits, potatoes, bananas, and others are also important crops for the country’s economy.[28]. MONEY: Peso All Rights Reserved. The uniform color of school children depicts their grade level. The Cuba flag is a horizontal flag with blue and white strips in the background. There are now just two countries in the world where Coca-Cola cannot be bought or sold – at least … They are leading the world in medical tourism and in medical knowledge, and part of their economic recovery has been due to doctors in the country exporting their services. It is a tradition in Cuba to burn dolls at New Year’s Eve to symbolize the forgetting of bad times and look forward to a fresh start with the New Year. Cuba’s original inhabitants were the Ciboney and Guanahatabey people. Almost 100,000 barrels of oil are received by Cuba from Venezuela every day. Until 1997, Cuba did not cite Christmas as its official holiday. Many international baseball stars have come from Cuba, and the Cuban national team is one of the best in the world. You’re leaving natgeokids.com to visit another website! Sunglasses and sun cream at the ready, gang! Sugar made from sugar cane is their major crop. These cookies do not store any personal information. It’s time to learn all about this cool Caribbean country in our Cuba facts!

Cuba has many different habitats, from mountain forests to jungles and grasslands.



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