[x] There is also the cluster of the Holy Mothers of the Three Skies (三霄聖母 Sānxiāo Shèngmǔ; or 三霄娘娘 Sānxiāo Niángniáng, "Ladies of the Three Stars"), composed of Yunxiao Guniang, Qiongxiao Guniang and Bixiao Guniang. [25][26] There is also the concept of Tàidì 太帝 (the "Great Deity"). (Literary Masterpieces, Critical Compilation). The cult of Canmu is related to that of Houtu ("Queen of Earth") and to that of the Sanxiao ("Three Skies") goddesses. The cult of fox deities is characteristic of. At the center of this history of China's Taiping rebellion (1845-64) stands Hong Xiuquan, a failed student of Confucian doctrine who ascends to heaven in a … [8] In the theology of the classic texts and Confucianism, "Heaven is the lord of the hundreds of deities".

God's Chinese Son is a look at a time of the Great Awakening in the mid 19th century, the beginnings of global markets as we know them today, and the power of religious fervor to shape events.

[15], Chinese traditional theology, which comes in different interpretations according to the classic texts, and specifically Confucian, Taoist and other philosophical formulations,[22] is fundamentally monistic, that is to say it sees the world and the gods who produce it as an organic whole, or cosmos. You can still see all customer reviews for the product. As someone who has lived and worked in China for over four years it has become clear to me how important Chinese history is to the fabric of the society, language, and culture. Government forces retook the city in July 1864, which spelled the movement’s end. [54] This myth symbolises the equipoise of yin and yang, here the fire of knowledge (reason and craft) and earthly stability. It also foreshadowed the bitter internecine clashes and struggles that would beleaguer China throughout much of the twentieth century.
Chinese traditional religion is polytheistic; many deities are worshipped in a pantheistic view where divinity is inherent in the world. Universal Church of the Way and its Virtue, northern culmen of the starry vault of the skies, five constellations rotating around the celestial pole, "Swastika: The Forgotten Constellation Representing the Chariot of Mithras", "Xiwangmu: The Shamanic Great Goddess of China", "Understanding Di and Tian: Deity and Heaven from Shang to Tang Dynasties", Volume I: The Ancient Eurasian World and the Celestial Pivot, Volume II: Representations and Identities of High Powers in Neolithic and Bronze China, Volume III: Terrestrial and Celestial Transformations in Zhou and Early-Imperial China, "Old Chinese "*tees" and Proto-Indo-European "*deus": Similarity in Religious Ideas and a Common Source in Linguistics", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chinese_gods_and_immortals&oldid=984799174, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Two other great fox deities, peculiar to northeast China, are the Great Lord of the Three Foxes (, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 05:01. Hong Xiuquan raised a rebellion in 19C southern China. Absorbing perspectives on what drove the messianic leader of the Taiping uprising that convulsed China during the mid-19th century. The cult of this deity is historically exercised in northern China. They also acquired European supporters, some former mercenaries who passed on their military training. Many gods are ancestors or men who became deities for their heavenly achievements; most gods are also identified with stars and constellations. We learn a lot about the Taiping Bible, but less about their social ideas, their economic achievements and shortcomings, and nothing about their legacy.

There were so many negative or mediocre reviews that I nearly didn't buy the book, despite my sudden interest in learning more about the Taiping Rebellion, having read about it in passing elsewhere. While reading you will feel an emotionally powerful story rather than laboring over a dry history manuscript. [63], Other goddesses worshipped in China include Cánmǔ[xi] (蠶母 Silkworm Mother) or Cángū (蠶姑 Silkworm Maiden),[60] identified with Léizǔ (嫘祖, the wife of the Yellow Emperor), Mágū (麻姑 "Hemp Maiden"), Sǎoqīng Niángniáng (掃清娘娘 Goddess who Sweeps Clean),[xii][65] Sānzhōu Niángniáng (三洲娘娘 Goddess of the Three Isles),[65] and Wusheng Laomu. Each deity has a cult centre and ancestral temple where he or she, or the parents, lived their mortal life. It was led by a charismatic Chinese man who came to believe... eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. I'm puzzled by the reviews here. Must Read for Anyone Seeking to Understand China. It explains a lot about why the Manchu empire collapsed, about colonialism, about our relations with modern China, and even why Japan went on an expansionist rampage. [54] Huangdi and Yandi are complementary opposites, necessary for the existence of one another, and they are powers that exist together within the human being. These few pages are just one example of how Spence uses his exceptional narrative ability to convey his points in a lively and crisp fashion. For the Chinese scholastic theology about these gods and the supreme godhead of Heaven, see, "Bixia" redirects here.

[4], Gods are innumerable, as every phenomenon has or is one or more gods, and they are organised in a complex celestial hierarchy. God's Chinese Son...great researched book, Reviewed in the United States on September 27, 2016, You will certainly appreciate this well researched book on the Taiping Rebellion. The Taiping rebellion through the lense of their religious literature, Reviewed in the United States on October 23, 2016. It definitely evoked, for me, parallels with Fawn Brodie's excellent book, No Man Knows My History: The Life of Joseph Smith , a biography about Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism at approximately … So one is forewarned. Controlling the Yangzi River valley from this base, they fought government troops within 100 miles of Beijing and were on the verge of attacking Shanghai.

[2][28] These names are combined in different ways in Chinese theological literature, often interchanged in the same paragraph if not in the same sentence. [New York: W. W. Norton; London: HarperCollins, 1996. xxvi + 400 pp. . This page works best with JavaScript. This book covers a period in 19th century China that is seldom taught in world history classes. But this is probably not the best general introduction to the Taiping rebellion. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in, Reviewed in the United States on May 5, 2018.
[29], Obatala is known by many names. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. However, this book adds a more important and crucial domestic revolutionary force that brought about a world-wide Chinese immigrant population as we have it today - and for years into the future.

It contains very pertinent and important historical information for Southern Chinese who lived through devastation and had to leave home and country to emigrate to other parts of the world. Dì is a title expressing dominance over the all-under-Heaven, that is all things generated by Heaven and ordered by its cycles and by the stars. GOD'S CHINESE SON THE TAIPING HEAVENLY KINGDOM OF HONG XIUQUAN. Reviewed in the United States on December 2, 2015.

© 2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. In the Wujing yiyi (五經異義, "Different Meanings in the Five Classics"), Xu Shen explains that the designation of Heaven is quintuple:[32], All these designations reflect a hierarchical, multiperspective experience of divinity. [24] The Chinese idea of the universal God is expressed in different ways; there are many names of God from the different sources of Chinese tradition. Rather depends on the choices of common people; persons are deified when they have made extraordinary deeds and have left an efficacious legacy.

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