It isn't too surprising that Bell went down this road: Surgery was in his blood. Sherlock Holmes, fictional character created by the Scottish writer Arthur Conan Doyle.The prototype for the modern mastermind detective, Holmes first appeared in Conan Doyle’s A Study in Scarlet, published in Beeton’s Christmas Annual of 1887. Both Holmes and Bell had immense powers of observation and deduction, but where Sherlock Holmes used his gifts primarily for his detective work, Dr. Bell used his skills first and foremost for medicine. The stories of Bell's courage during the outbreak later prompted Queen Victoria to visit him and to rename his hospital ward "The Victoria" in his honor, because that's how honor works sometimes. Although the fictional detective had been anticipated by Edgar Allan Poe’s C. Auguste Dupin and Émile Gaboriau’s Monsieur Lecoq, Holmes made a singular impact upon the popular imagination and has been the most enduring character of the detective story. Like Sherlock Holmes, Joseph Bell was an early pioneer in forensic science and, more specifically, forensic pathology. It was common for the doctor to show off in his classroom by inviting patients to be a sort of subject for him to decode. However, Conan Doyle did model Holmes’s methods and mannerisms on those of Dr. Joseph Bell, who had been his professor at the University of Edinburgh Medical School. We've established that Joseph Bell was the inspiration for Sherlock Holmes, but we haven't discussed Dr. Watson at all. This lined up pretty well with his support of women's suffrage, which was also controversial at the time.

Nightingale created the philosophy of care and comfort that would be the foundation for modern nursing, as Britannica recounts.
Unless you're a serious Victorian history buff, you probably haven't heard of these cases, but don't worry — he also worked on the Jack the Ripper case. According to Mount Sinai Journal, Bell rather enjoyed detective work and fancied himself an amateur investigator. The prototype for the modern mastermind detective, Holmes first appeared in Conan Doyle’s A Study in Scarlet, published in Beeton’s Christmas Annual of 1887.
But who is Sherlock Holmes, and how has the ever-popular detective influenced modern-day crime-solving, espionage and even space travel?

So where Joseph Bell's and Sherlock Holmes' observational methods seem mysterious, they aren't anything more than the observing of small details, a broad knowledge of, well, everything, and the brainpower to fit the pieces together. The incredible life of the real Sherlock Holmes, © 2020 The answer's not elementary. With Mark Gatiss, Marvin Minsky, Steven Doyle, Arthur Conan Doyle. Medical Historian, The Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Penn State College of Medicine.

He enjoyed using his deductive and reasoning skills to impress his students by giving them patient histories that he seemingly pulled out of a hat. He even worked as Edin Medical Journal's editor for a solid 23 years. Bell would teach his students to use their eyes, ears, brain, perception, and deductive skills to piece "a broken chain" together or to untangle a web of clues. Sherlock Holmes’s success as a “consulting detective” comes from his uncanny ability to gather evidence based upon his honed skills of observation and deductive reasoning. He dedicated it to his friend, Florence Nightingale. It sounds like common sense now, but that wasn't how most investigations worked during the late 1800s and early 1900s — well, not until pioneers like Joseph Bell got on the scene. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 2010 he broke through to far greater popularity at home and abroad as, …Williamson starred as cocaine-addicted detective., h2g2 - Sherlock Holmes Part I - the Character, The Arthur Conan Doyle Encyclopedia - Sherlock Holmes, Official Site of The Sherlock Holmes Museum, Sherlock Holmes - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Sherlock Holmes: Pioneer in Forensic Science. Littlejohn and Bell found that Chantrelle, "thought to have died of gas inhalation, had in fact been poisoned by her husband," according to Scottish Field. That could be because she's been dead for quite a while now, or it could be because impressing a queen isn't an easy feat. He joined The Oklahoman in 1999. So Joseph Bell invented a special pipette to suck away the diseased material.

It's not every day that someone impresses Queen Victoria. Similar to Sherlock Holmes’s character having real-life inspiration, it is believed that Conan Doyle based Moriarty on Adam Worth, a real criminal who was active at the time. Sure, Joseph Bell didn't write the sort of fiction that would bring him oodles of fame like Sir Arthur Conan Doyle did, but he had a literary career of his own, mostly in the field of medicine. Doyle later identified the Scottish surgeon as something of an inspiration for Holmes. Commenting on NewsOK requires a NewsOK Pro or Oklahoman subscription. Dr. John Watson, Sherlock's fictional sidekick and scribe of his tales, was played by Arthur Conan Doyle, for a while at least. And Joseph Bell was one of the best. Joseph Bell was also a key figure and founder of the Queen Victoria Jubilee Institute for Nurses in Edinburgh, where he held the office of vice president. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. We've established that Joseph Bell was a surgeon and a teacher, but we've talked very little about his detective work, mostly because it wasn't a big part of his life. Three times he has been named the state's "overall best" writer by the Society of Professional Journalists. And Winston Churchill was real. He gave it a second go at the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated at just 22, according to National Galleries Scotland. Holmes appears to undergo bouts of mania and depression, the latter of which are accompanied by pipe smoking, violin playing, and cocaine use.

And, this is where the conspiracy buffs get interested. According to Scottish Field, Bell and Littlejohn may have cracked the case. The two were known to correspond by letter frequently.

In one, Nightingale personally thanked Bell for dedicating his medical manual for nurses to her.

He has won dozens of state, regional and national writing awards. Doyle's Holmes rarely encountered his arch-nemesis, crime lord Professor Moriarty, although Doyle designed Moriarty as the instrument of Holmes' death. In 1860, the Nightingale School of Nursing, the first science-based school for the profession, opened in London. In...

In this case, the two doctors didn't work together but instead conducted two independent investigations. In the 1860s, there was an outbreak of diphtheria in Britain. Claiming that Sherlock Holmes distracted him “from better things,” Arthur Conan Doyle in 1893 famously attempted to kill him off in the story “The Final Problem.” Public outcry against the death of Holmes was great. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's most prominent creation was heavily based on a real person, Dr. Joseph Bell. That student was Arthur Conan Doyle. Among the most popular stories in which he is featured are “The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle” (1892), “The Adventure of the Speckled Band” (1892), “The Adventure of the Six Napoleons” (1904), and the novel The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902). Joseph Bell enrolled in medical school at the University of Leiden when he was just 17 years old. Sherlock Holmes, one of the most famous and brilliant fictional detectives of all time, wasn't entirely fictional. Sherlock Holmes (right) explaining to Dr. Watson what he has deduced from a pipe left behind by a visitor; illustration by Sidney Paget for Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's “The Adventure of the Yellow Face,”. By popular demand, Conan Doyle resurrected his detective in the story “The Adventure of the Empty House” (1903).

An 1893 story, published in The Strand magazine and titled “The Adventure of the Final Problem,” spelled Holmes' end.

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