The newest underground station, Peremoha, was opened on 19 August 2016.

The mayor of the city, Hennadiy Kernes, who supported the Orange Revolution but later joined the Party of Regions, decided to side with the Ukrainian government. Historically, Kharkiv lies in the Sloboda Ukraine region (Slobozhanshchyna also known as Slobidshchyna) in Ukraine, in which it is considered to be the main city. [3] Also, owing to this law, over 200 streets have been renamed in Kharkiv since 20 November 2015. Some are listed below. The Kharkiv National University of Arts named after I.P. [20] Following the Russian defeat during Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive and start of the Great Retreat, to Kharkiv from Riga was evacuated a plant of the Public Company of Electricity (Russian: Всеобщая Компания Электричества) with 4,000 workers. A new Kharkiv railway station was built in 1952.[160]. Some sources offer that the city was named after its near-legendary founder, Kharko (a diminutive form of the name Chariton, Ukrainian: Харитон,[2] or Zechariah, Ukrainian: Захарій). Of the population of 700,000 that Kharkiv had before the start of World War II, 120,000 became Ost-Arbeiter (slave worker) in Germany, 30,000 were executed and 80,000 starved to death during the war.

[50] Doubts arose about the local origin of the protestors after they initially stormed an opera and ballet theatre believing it was the city hall. More respondents preferred to speak Ukrainian (46%) than Russian (38%) with 16% preferring to speak both in equal manner.

Kharkiv has 212 (secondary education) schools, including 10 lyceums and 20 gymnasiums. [citation needed], Kharkiv lies in the large valley of rivers of Kharkiv, Lopan', Udy, and Nemyshlya. [13] The tallest was Vestovska, some 16 metres (52 ft) tall,[13] while the shortest one was Tainytska which had a secret well 35 metres (115 ft) deep.

The first railway connection of Kharkiv was opened in 1869. [51] On 13 April, some pro-Russian protesters again made it inside the Kharkiv regional state administration building. Metalist Stadium hosted three group matches at UEFA Euro 2012.

The area of the oblast is 31,400 km², corresponding to 5.2% of the total territory of Ukraine. 17 January] 1805, the Decree on the Opening of the Imperial University in Kharkiv came into force. [69], On 23 September 2015, 200 people in balaclavas and camouflage picketed the house of former governor Mykhailo Dobkin, and then went to Kharkiv town hall, where they tried to force their way through the police cordon. [174] Presently, the modern bicycle highway is under construction at the "Leso park" district in Kharkiv.

[citation needed] It was the centre for the work of literary figures such as: Les Kurbas, Mykola Kulish, Mykola Khvylovy, Mykola Zerov, Valerian Pidmohylny, Pavlo Filipovych, Marko Voronny, Oleksa Slisarenko. [149][150][151], There are around 147 museums in the Kharkiv's region. Whilst Ukrainian remained the country's only 'official' language nationwide, other languages, dependent on their adoption by oblast authorities, became accepted mediums of communication in education, local government offices, courts and official correspondence. By 1657 the Kharkiv settlement had a fortress[13] with underground passageways. Останови автомобиль. Kharkiv Innitiatives! Kharkiv is the official Roman-alphabet spelling, according to the official rules of transliteration.

By its territorial expansion on September 6, 2012 the city increased its area from about 310 to 350 square kilometres (120 to 140 sq mi).[43]. [47] On 2 March 2014, a Russian "tourist" from Moscow replaced the Ukrainian flag with a Russian flag on the Kharkiv regional state administration building. [12] In October 2014 the Constitutional Court of Ukraine started reviewing the constitutionality of the law,[13] and on 28 February 2018 it ruled the law unconstitutional.[13].

During the 1991 referendum, 86.33% of votes in Kharkiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. INVESTMENTS. [36] The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.


Gorky Park was fully renovated in the 2000s, having a big number of modern attractions, a lake with lilies and sport facilities to play tennis, football, beach volleyball, and basketball. 456, All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee, 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine § Kharkiv Oblast, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Vasyl N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv National University of Radioelectronics, Kharkiv National Aerospace University "KhAI", Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology, B Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering, Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine, Kharkiv National University of Arts named after I.P.

[32] In the 1920s, a 150 metres (490 ft) wooden radio tower was built on top of the building. Kharkiv Innitiatives! Landau, Nobel laureate in Kharkiv.[119]. Rebounding to last-year levels: Kharkiv International Airport shares post-quarantine results 08.10.2020 FOR YOUR COMFORT VIP service BUY Business lounge BUY Meet & Greet BUY [13] The fortress had 10 towers: Chuhuivska Tower, Moskovska Tower, Vestovska Tower, Tainytska Tower, Lopanska Corner Tower, Kharkivska Corner Tower and others. An airport was built in 1954. The purges continued into 1938. The city has a high concentration of research institutions, which are independent or loosely connected with the universities. The bomb killed two, and wounded nine.

Kharkiv was a host city for UEFA Euro 2012, and hosted three group soccer matches at the reconstructed Metalist Stadium. Kharkiv has been a home for many famous painters, including Ilya Repin, Zinaida Serebryakova, Henryk Siemiradzki, and Vasyl Yermilov. Kharkiv's industry specializes primarily in machinery and in electronics. [132][133], The annual festival is usually conducted in May.

- 1923. [13] After his death in 1894 Pashchenko donated all his possessions to the city.[13]. During World War II, four battles took place for control of the city: Before the occupation, Kharkiv's tank industries were evacuated to the Urals with all their equipment, and became the heart of Red Army's tank programs (particularly, producing the T-34 tank earlier designed in Kharkiv). [97], The St. Valentine Orthodox Cathedral was built in Kharkiv in the 2010s. Between December 1941 and January 1942, an estimated 15,000 Jews were killed and buried in a mass grave by the Germans in a ravine outside of town named Drobytsky Yar.[42]. It is an old girder that now - is a modern park zone more than 12 km length.

From 1907 to 2008, at least 86 feature films were shot in the city's territory and its region. Then in the fall, some territories of the Kharkiv Oblast were used in creation of Chernihiv Oblast. [19] One of the University of Kharkiv graduates Oleksandr Kovalenko was one of initiators of the mutiny on Russian battleship Potemkin being the only officer who supported the in-rank sailors. [citation needed], In 1934 hundreds of Ukrainian writers, intellectuals and cultural workers were arrested and executed in the attempt to eradicate all vestiges of Ukrainian nationalism in Art.

The 2010 competition was cancelled by the Ukrainian Ministry of Culture two days before its opening. [14], In the post-World War II period, many of the destroyed homes and factories were rebuilt. During April and May 1940 about 3,900 Polish prisoners of Starobelsk camp were executed in the Kharkiv NKVD building, later secretly buried on the grounds of an NKVD pansionat in Pyatykhatky forest (part of the Katyn massacre) on the outskirts of Kharkiv.

[96], The St. Trinity Orthodox Cathedral was built in Kharkiv in 1758–1764 and re-built in 1857–1861. No.5. While Kharkiv is the administrative centre of the Kharkiv Oblast (province), the city affairs are managed by the Kharkiv Municipality. Agricultural production grew substantially in 2015.[8]. The Kharkiv National Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre named after N. V. Lysenko is the biggest theatre in Kharkiv. This tragic event in Ukrainian history is called the "Executed Renaissance" (Rozstrilene vidrodzhennia). A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 4.2% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 71.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.[7].

As of April 2018, there were 25,000 specialists in IT industry of the Kharkiv region, 76% of them were related to computer programming.

The most popular sport is football. [72], According to the 1989 Soviet Union Census, the population of the city was 1,593,970. The annual science fiction convention "Star Bridge" (Звёздный мост) has been held in Kharkiv since 1999.[127].

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