The largest rivers draining into the Great Lakes region of the Mongolian interior are the Khovd (Hovd), which rises from the glaciers of the Mongolian Altai Mountains, and the Zavkhan (Dzavhan), which runs off the southern slopes of the Khangai Mountains. The Selenge drains northwest-central Mongolia before flowing northward into Russia and ultimately into Lake Baikal. Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. The Orkhon, some 700 miles (1,130 km) long, is Mongolia’s longest river and lies wholly within the country.
The largest and deepest freshwater body, Lake Khövsgöl, in the north, occupies a structural depression.

Many of Mongolia’s lakes are salty, impermanent, highly variable in area, and without outlets. Another basin lies between the eastern slopes of the Khangai Mountains and the western foothills of the Khentii range. Around and between the main ranges lie an important series of basins. Mongolia - Mongolia - The northern intermontane basins: Around and between the main ranges lie an important series of basins. This page was last edited on 18 February 2019, at 15:43. The Dariganga area of far eastern Mongolia contains some 220 such extinct volcanoes. In 1924, the Mongolian People's Republic was established. The remarkable Khorgo region, on the northern flanks of the Khangai Mountains, has a dozen extinct volcanoes and numerous volcanic lakes. The successor states of the Mongol empire. Other large lakes—all in the west—include the saline Lake Uvs, which is some 1,290 square miles (3,350 square km) in area, and the freshwater Lake Khar Us (Har Us), which drains into the saline Lake Khyargas (Hyargas). On several occasions, raids into northern China were so successful that the victorious nomads settled in the conquered land, established dynasties, and eventually became absorbed by the more numerous Chinese. Huge six-sided basalt columns, arranged in clusters resembling bundles of pencils, are found in the eastern and central regions. The neighboring Chinese Empire and the Central Asian states, both militarily weak and fragmented, inevitably surrendered to the Mongol hordes racing over Asia, as did the decaying Arab-Turkish society of the Middle East. Mongolian history - Ancient times: There are many traces of the ancient human race in the territory of Mongolia, including archaeological discoveries in the white cave of Bayanlig and stone weapons found in the Uran Khairkhan hill of Baatsagaan somon, Bayankhongor aimag.

The source stream of the Orkhon River is in another volcanic region, with deep volcanic vents and hot springs. The western and southern two-thirds of the country consist of interior drainage basins, in which seasonal or intermittent streams end in salt lakes or disappear into the stones and sands of the desert. Nomadic encampment in the Orkhon River valley, central Mongolia. Tibetan Buddhism became the leading religious force among the Mongols in the 1500s.

A brief history of China.

As Chinese power waned in the nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries, Russian influence in Mongolia grew. Occasionally all or large portions of the region came under the control of a conqueror or a coalition of tribes. Mongolia (/ m ɒ n ˈ ɡ oʊ l i ə / (), Mongolian: Монгол Улс, transcription: Mongol Uls, Traditional Mongolian: ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ, transliteration: Mongγol ulus) is a landlocked country in East Asia.Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and … Furthermore, Mongolia changed to a market economy. Swift and turbulent rivers have cut jagged gorges. Orkhon (Orhon) River, north-central Mongolia. During periods when China was united and strong, they traded with Mongols and other Inner Asian peoples. With these 66 facts about Mongolia, let’s learn more about its history, culture & tradition, economy, geography, people and lots more… Geographical facts about Mongolia. This page has been viewed 642 times (0 via redirect). Led at first by Genghis Khan, the empire lasted from 1206 until 1368.

Its only outlet, the Eg River (Egiin Gol), joins the Selenge. Although Mongolia suffered in the recession of 2009 it soon recovered. Another basin lies between the eastern slopes of the Khangai Mountains and the western foothills of the Khentii range. Mongolia lies on a continental divide: rivers in the north flow northward into the Arctic Ocean, and those in the northeast flow eastward into the Pacific. Mongolia was inhabited by warring nomadic tribes, who learned to ride horses and their entire culture has been centered on the horse ever since. Family histories were destroyed and the people were forbidden to use their ancient surnames. Other rivers east of the Zavkhan end in salt lakes or disappear in the Gobi. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Northern Mongolia’s drainage pattern is dominated by two river systems: the Orkhon and the Selenge (Russian: Selenga). For these reasons, as well as the unpredictability of precipitation, hydroelectric potential has proved difficult to exploit. Mongolia is a country in East Asia. Most of the southern part of the country is a vast plain, with occasional oases, forming the northern fringe of the Eastern (Mongolian) Gobi. Following the Yuan dynasty, various Mongolian khans attempted, but failed, to revive the great empire. Mongolia’s third longest river, the Kherlen (Kerulen), runs south from its source in the Khentii Mountains before turning eastward and flowing across eastern Mongolia and into Lake Hulun (Mongolian: Dalai Nuur) in northeastern Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China. Rock formations in the Eastern (Mongolian) Gobi near Töhöm, southeastern Mongolia. Near the northern border, Lake Khövsgöl (Hövsgöl) is the focus of another rugged region that is noted for its marshlands. The Mongolian word for yurt, ger, also means home, and a number of … Infoplease has everything you need to know about Mongolia. On the other hand, when China appeared weak, Mongol tribes made raids into rich Chinese lands. After the Chinese revolution of 1911, Mongolia declared its independence from China.

An alliance of Buddhist theocracy and secular Mongol aristocracy ruled the country from the seventeenth until the twentieth century.The Mongol leaders were, in fact, subordinate to Tibetan Lamas, and to the Manchu emperors of China's Qing dynasty. The flat relief is occasionally broken by low, heavily eroded ranges. It flows generally northward, joining the Selenge just before the Russian border. There have always been fierce struggles between neighboring tribes in Mongolia. Here and there, small, stubby massifs contain the clearly discernible cones of extinct volcanoes. The southern part of it—the basins of the Tuul and Orkhon (Orhon) rivers—is a fertile region important in Mongolian history as the cradle of settled ways of life. In the northern regions, mountain torrents and streams merge into deep, well-developed rivers. Mongolia gained a new constitution in 1992.

The Great Lakes region, with more than 300 lakes, is tucked between the Mongolian Altai, the Khangai, and the mountains along the border with Siberia.

Mongols living outside Mongolia were absorbed by the conquered populations, and Mongolia itself again became a land of incessantly warring nomadic tribes. The Yuan dynasty was a period of Mongol rule of China which lasted nearly one hundred years, but after a century of Mongol dominance in China and the rest of Eurasia, the traditional patterns of Mongolian history reasserted themselves.

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