Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters divided into 10 vowels, 21 consonants and 2 letters which do not designate any sounds.

[12] An alternative hypothesis proposes that it emerged in the border regions of Greek proselytization to the Slavs before it was codified and adapted by some systematizer among the Slavs; the oldest Cyrillic manuscripts look very similar to 9th and 10th century Greek uncial manuscripts,[11] and the majority of uncial Cyrillic letters were identical to their Greek uncial counterparts. In Microsoft Windows, the Segoe UI user interface font is notable for having complete support for the archaic Cyrillic letters since Windows 8. Their mission to Moravia lasted only a few decades. For example, Aa is pronounced as a, and Pp is pronounced as r. There are 33 letters in the Russian Cyrillic alphabet, of which 10 are vowel letters, 21 are consonant letters, and two are signs. Yupik (Central Siberian), Information about the history of the Cyrillic alphabet Cyrillic is the third official alphabet of the European Union, following Latin and Greek, since 1 January 2007, when Bulgaria became a member. If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or by contributing in other ways. Kryts, Standard Cyrillic-to-Latin transliteration systems include: See also Romanization of Belarusian, Bulgarian, Kyrgyz, Russian, Macedonian and Ukrainian. In 863, two brothers and Byzantine Christian theologians and missionaries Cyril and Methodius, by order of the Byzantine emperor Michael III, created the first Slavic alphabet and began to translate Christian texts into it. Ludic,
Modern Cyrillic alphabets developed from the Early Cyrillic script, which was developed during the 9th century in the First Bulgarian Empire (AD 681-1018) by a decree of Boris I of Bulgaria (Борис I). Plovdiv. Kabardian,

The Cyrillic script was created in the First Bulgarian Empire. A Byzantine monk named Saint Cyril created the Cyrillic alphabet in around 683 AD. Learn Russian 101 network - Learn Russian online and for free. Khakas, Tai Lue, Enets, The characters in the range U+048A to U+052F are additional letters for various languages that are written with Cyrillic script. The Russian alphabet is derived from the Cyrillic alphabet (pronounced si-'ri-lik). Ket, Tradition holds that Cyrillic and Glagolitic were formalized either by Saints Cyril and Methodius who brought Christianity to the southern Slavs, or by their disciples. Encyclopædia Britannica. Some of the most major ones were the changes made by the famous printer and publisher Ivan Fyodorov. However, over the course of the following millennium, Cyrillic adapted to changes in spoken language, developed regional variations to suit the features of national languages, and was subjected to academic reform and political decrees. Umbrian, Krymchak, Cyrillic is derived from the Greek uncial script, augmented by letters from the older Glagolitic alphabet, including some ligatures. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. One of the reasons behind the same is the weird look of some of the alphabetic characters. Chinuk pipa, Tsez, South Picene, Chuvash, In practice the scripts are equal, with Latin being used more often in a less official capacity.[36]. According to Wikipedia, the first Cyrillic script was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire during the 9th century. Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia, mandated the use of westernized letter forms (ru) in the early 18th century. [26][27][28][29] Paul Cubberley posits that although Cyril may have codified and expanded Glagolitic, it was his students in the First Bulgarian Empire under Tsar Simeon the Great that developed Cyrillic from the Greek letters in the 890s as a more suitable script for church books. After the death of Cyril, Pope Leo XIII canonized both Cyril and his brother Methodius in 1881. Pollard script, The transition is complete in most of Moldova (except the breakaway region of Transnistria, where Moldovan Cyrillic is official), Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan. The Russian government has mandated that Cyrillic must be used for all public communications in all federal subjects of Russia, to promote closer ties across the federation. [4][5][6] The new script became the basis of alphabets used in various languages, especially those of Orthodox Slavic origin, and non-Slavic languages influenced by Russian. The early Cyrillic alphabet is difficult to represent on computers. Other character encoding systems for Cyrillic: Each language has its own standard keyboard layout, adopted from typewriters. The literature produced in the Old Bulgarian language soon spread north and became the lingua franca of the Balkans and Eastern Europe, where it came to also be known as Old Church Slavonic. Tindi, Kharosthi, Glagolitic, Old Cyrillic, Phoenician, Avestan, Ugaritic, Paul Cubberley (1996) "The Slavic Alphabets". 2012/Иван Г. Илиев. The first form developed into the second. Karaim, Modern Russian has 32 letters (33, with inclusion of the soft sign—which is not, strictly speaking, a letter), Bulgarian 30, Serbian 30, and Ukrainian 32 (33).

[18] Instead, the nomenclature follows German naming patterns: As in Latin typography, a sans-serif face may have a mechanically sloped oblique type (naklonniy shrift—"sloped", or "slanted type") instead of italic. A notable example of such linguistic reform can be attributed to Vuk Stefanović Karadžić who updated the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet by removing certain graphemes no longer represented in the vernacular, and introducing graphemes specific to Serbian (i.e. The letters also had numeric values, based not on Cyrillic alphabetical order, but inherited from the letters' Greek ancestors. When marked with a palatalization mark or followed by a palatalizing vowel (, The first form developed into the second, a vertical. After about 1300, it was replaced as a numeral by, Pictures of Old Bulgarian manuscripts and inscriptions, Pictures of Old Church Slavonic weekly gospels (. Medieval letterforms used in typesetting were harmonized with Latin typesetting practices, exchanging medieval forms for Baroque ones, and skipping the western European Renaissance developments. Urum, Old Church Slavonic, Uzbek, ", "On the relationship of old Church Slavonic to the written language of early Rus'" Horace G. Lunt; Russian Linguistics, Volume 11, Numbers 2–3 / January, 1987, accession of Bulgaria to the European Union, International Organization for Standardization, Keyboard layouts for non-Latin alphabetic scripts, "The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire", "Cyrillic, the third official alphabet of the EU, was created by a truly multilingual European", "Alphabet soup as Kazakh leader orders switch from Cyrillic to Latin letters", "Mongolia to restore traditional alphabet by 2025", "Serbian signs of the times are not in Cyrillic", "IOS Universal Multiple-Octet Coded Character Set", "Los problemas del estudio de la lengua sefardí", History and development of the Cyrillic alphabet, data entry in Old Cyrillic / Стара Кирилица, Cyrillic and its Long Journey East – NamepediA Blog, "Latin Alphabet for the Russian Language", Transliteration and transcription into Cyrillic,, Articles containing Russian-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Working Group on Romanization Systems, American Library Association and Library of Congress Romanization tables for Slavic alphabets (, combinations that are considered as separate letters of respective alphabets, like, two most frequent combinations orthographically required to distinguish.

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